Students, who are suffering from learning disabilities, have an average or below-average intelligence due to which they cannot study effectively. Their skills are underdeveloped in more than one domain, which makes it hard for them to learn things properly. Autistic Spectrum Disorders which include Autism, Atypical autism, Rett syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Tourette syndrome are some of the most common conditions. They require special teachers who have acquired proficiency in special education after doing a course learning disability from Mumbai or elsewhere, and although these teachers are highly qualified in their specific positions, they can always make use of some teaching methodologies through which they can help the students with learning disabilities.
If you are a teacher and you want some guidelines to get better, keep on reading to know how you can effectively understand and improve your way of teaching ‘the students with learning disabilities’ through special education courses in Mumbai and various other parts of India.
● Make use of proper phraseology. Avoid saying, “do quality work,” Instead, be more specific with your expectations. For example, during a writing assignment, a teacher may grade them on correct punctuation, spelling, and also include specific points. If the student cannot understand what is expected of him by the teachers, the parents may contact the teacher and ask for details that could help the child. The teacher can then post the information on the school website so others can avail it as well.
● Make the students repeat the instructions so that you can make sure they understand. Make any necessary corrections before they begin the real work. Check with the students regularly to ensure they are doing the work correctly and as expected. Ask them as and when necessary to make sure that they correct any errors before they finish.
● Clearly state the expectations for work and behavior to the students. Post them on websites and use them as a basic source of interaction and during class projects. Making your requirements a part of the classwork as well as homework will help the students meet expectations by creating a routine. Make use of graphic organizers to make the students understand the relationship that exists between ideas. Instructions should be given through specific, step-by-step methods that are clearly stated by the teacher.
● Teachers must make a scoring guide, and show it to the students, and give them some examples on each level of performance. Make sure to never use a student’s work as an example of poor work in front of the whole class. This is humiliating for the child, and it should not be entertained in a classroom or at home. Create some engaging 3D models that students can see and interpret.
These measures will enhance the way of teaching a student with learning disabilities at home or in a classroom.